Pest control is a service used by a wide variety of people. A variety of pesticides including fungi are used to help stop pests, but how do they work?
Fungi in Pesticides
The primary group of fungi used to control pesticides is called hyphomycetes. Some hyphomycetes have the ability to be mass-produced. The large production process makes it possible for pesticides to be used in several ways. You chose to can use pesticides on larger or smaller scales due to the product's commercialized availability.
Fungi in the group Hyphomycetes usually reproduce rapidly when conditions are favorable. They can be found in soil and can infect many types of pests. Certain fungal strains in pesticides can attack aphids, caterpillars, grasshoppers, ants, weevils, and more. Other types of fungi used as pesticides may be harder to produce and use for commercial purposes which may lead to higher prices to treat your landscape.
Pros and Cons of Fungal Pesticides
There are several advantages to using fungi-based pest control products. As mentioned previously, some fungal pesticides can be made in massive amounts fairly easily. They also have similar prices to bacterial pesticides. Additionally, some fungal pesticides usually do not harm humans or animals.
Predominately, spray rigs are used to apply fungal pesticides because they usually are produced in the form of spores. These types of pesticides can also affect several types of pests with the same products.
While there are advantages, there are also disadvantages. Since fungi can eliminate a plethora of insects, it could also mean that they could potentially harm insects that help your landscape. There are also factors like sunlight that can limit the effectiveness of the product that you are using.
When and Where to Apply Pesticides
One of the types of rats you could expierence in your life time is called a roof rat. They will find shelter in your home, most likely near your roof like their name implies. After they make a home in your home, they have the ability to spread disease and damage your home.
What are Roof Rats?
Roof rats are usually found in the southern part of the united states. They are small that can be a variety of colors including white, black, brown, or grey. They can even be a mix of colors. They are usually around 7 inches in length and they have large ears. They usually do not have a long life span but can reproduce rapidly. Roof rats are usually nocturnal animals. They usually travel in groups when they go looking for food. They like to live in hidden and sheltered places like attics, bushes, and piles of debris.
Roof rats are omnivores and they prefer to eat in well hidden places. Roof rats typically prefer seeds, berries, nuts, and fruits. They also eat slugs, snails, cockroaches, and other insects. They have the ability to eat fish and shellfish, which they will eat if they are near bodies of water. Additionally, they like to store as much food as possible.
Do You Have an Infestation?
There are several indicators that you could possibly have an infestation. Some signs of roof rats include:
Fixing an Infestation
Rat infestations can cause many problems. However, there are many ways that can help you fix the problems and the infestations themselves.
For instance, if you have any holes or cracks then it is possibly to seal them with silicone caulk. Keeping trees and tree limbs can also help stop invasions from above. Having screened in doors and windows can help stop rats from entering your home. Other things you can do to help stop infestations is making sure food is sealed properly and your home is clean.
If the pest problem persists then it is always a good idea to call pest control to help you deal with the infestation.
Seeing cockroaches is never a pleasant sight. Some people will scream at the sight of them. They can hide in the smallest places, have the ability to cause several health problems, and irritate your peace of mind.
How do cockroaches affect your health?
Cockroaches are insects that can cause diseases such as dysentery, diarrhea, cholera, and fever. This is probably due to the fact that they carry bacteria with them. Because they carry bacteria they are able to spread the pathogens throughout your home. This is probably due to where they travel and what they eat.
Like all living things, cockroaches desire to survive. In order to survive they must find sources of food. Cockroaches will eat almost anything. Alongside the food in your home they will eat feces and trash.
Parasitic worms are present in cockroach larvae. Intestinal worms can cause diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, bloating, and nausea. Not only do they carry diseases, poop, and parasitic worms, but they can also cause allergens.
Where are they?
Cockroaches are able to hide in places all over your home, but they do have a preferences. They are typically drawn to narrow places and crevices. You may also find them in dark places such as cabinets or drawers. It's not out of character for them either to hide under kitchen appliances such as refrigerators and sinks.
Because of their small nature they can enter your home through small holes and cracks. Since they can travel small places it makes sense that they can enter your home by crawling through openings around your doors and windows. They can travel into your home by hiding in bags, boxes, backpacks, luggage, or containers. Pipes are also a way that cockroaches can enter your home. Another indicator that cockroaches might be in your home is feces, or dead skin they decided to shed.
What should you do about infestations?
Calling pest control is always a great option when you're looking to exterminate the pests in your home. Sticky traps, bait, and pesticides are great ways of prevention and extermination.
There are additional things that you can do to help prevent a large infestation. Some things you can do is to keep food properly sealed, repair any pipe leaks, and look for any eggs. Another thing you can do is to male sure your windows and doors are properly sealed.
Slithery, scaly, silky creatures with no legs; snakes are plentiful around the earth. There are many types of snakes. However, it is important to know what type of snake you are dealing with. Several thousand Americans are bitten by snakes every year. Some snakes are venomous and some are not, but it makes you wonder how do you tell the difference?
Venomous or Non-venomous
One of the first things you might notice about a snake is it's color. Color is helpful feature to help you determine whether a snake is dangerous or not.
In North America, there are four common types of snakes: the Rattlesnake, Copperhead, Coral Snake, and Cottonmouth Moccasin. Snakes usually blend in with their environments, and you need to be observant when you find a snake. Knowing the difference in behavior can help you tell if the snake is poisonous or not. Rattlesnakes for instance, will shake their tails to ward off and warn possible predators. Other venomous snakes such as copperheads and cottonmouths usually live near bodies of water.
Head shape and eye features is another detail that can help you tell if the snake is potentially dangerous or not. Non-venomous snakes usually have round heads and have round pupils. Poisonous snakes however usually have triangular heads and their eyes have a vertical thin black pupil. Additionally, sometimes poisonous snakes exhibit holes between their eyes and nostrils. Those holes are used for radiation detection to aid them in survival.
What to Do If You're Bitten:
The first thing you should do if you are bitten, is to seek medical assistance. If you know what type of snake you were bitten, this information can help you gauge the risks of the bite. Additionally, if it is venomous, you should call the police or have someone take you to the hospital as soon as possible. Do not try to suck out the venom or cut the wound, because it could get into your bloodstream.
What To Do About Snakes:
When encountering a snake, you should always be cautious. Make sure to be extra careful especially if it is venomous. To get rid of a snake, you can gently push the snake outside with a broom or mop. Another way to get rid of a snake is to place a bucket, pot, or wastebasket over the snake with a weight on top, and call pest control. Keeping a snake in one room and blocking off exit points are also a good idea if you would rather wait for someone who can handle it.
Carpenter ants break down your house rather than building it up. They will make their presence known at your house. At first, you might notice small wood shavings and tiny holes. If you don't catch them for a long time then your house might be victim to structural damages. It makes you wonder what they look like, how they do it, and what you can do to stop it.
What Are Carpenter Ants?
Carpenter ants can be an array of colors. Some colors including yellow, brown, red, orange, and black. Most carpenter ants are black, but the color differs depending on what species you're looking at. In the United States, they are one of the largest ants that you can find.
Additionally, carpenter ants can grow wings, which is unsettling but cool to think about. If you see a carpenter ant with wings, then that is an indicator that there is a large colony nearby.
Carpenters and Their Woodwork
Carpenter ants, unlike termites, do not destroy wood. They simply create tunnels, and those tunnels weaken wood. The more tunnels you have in your wood, the more unsound it becomes. If the colony grows or the wood continues to be damaged then the house's structure can be damaged.
How Carpenter Ants Live
Do you ever see wet, soggy, or broken-down wood? Damaged or moist wood is a perfect place for carpenter ants to build their nest. They could be located in damaged wood, debris, or on top of that overhanging limb that touches your roof.
Carpenter Ants can live inside or outside. Those dying decaying tree stumps? They can live there. The doorway in your home and your windows? They can live there too. It is important to remember that moist or damaged wood is a part of their optimal living conditions. Those woodworkers also will search for food, make rustling noises as they walk through your house, and pull shavings from the dusty wood along with them.
They colonize in two different ways. They can be parent or satellite colonies. The parent colony is where workers and queens live. In satellite, colonies reside workers, larvae, and pupae. Satellite colonies exist because they need more space, food, or water.
Carpenter Ant's Defenses
Carpenter ants are capable of biting as well as releasing a chemical to protect themselves and their colony. Not only that but carpenter ants will fight other insects as well. For instance, they will fight termites. Termites and Carpenter Ants both use wood to live but in different ways. It only makes sense that they would eventually encounter each other. When they do encounter each other, carpenter ants would kill and sometimes eat enemy termites.
Pests are unwanted plants or animals that can damage your landscape. Pests can carry disease, destroy vegetation, harm animals, cause structural damage, and infest your home. The effects that pests have on your lawn and home can be an eyesore. Pesticides are compositions of things that are made to deter, exterminate, or repel unwanted pests.
Types of pesticides and what they are used for:
Pesticides can be gaseous, solid, liquid, or granulated. Insecticides are used to exterminate bugs. Herbicides are used to get rid of unwanted plants. Fungicides are used to remove unwanted fungi. Larvicides eradicate larvae. Bactericides are used to eliminate bacteria. Lastly, there are rodenticides that get rid of unwanted animals like moles, voles, rats, and mice.
Complications of Pesticides in Animals
Pesticides, however, can be harmful to the animals around you. Pesticides can make your animals irritated or ill when they inhale or consume these chemicals. Example problems may include vomiting, drooling, nausea, reparatory complications, seizures, arrhythmia, comas, and diarrhea. Some pesticides can even kill your animal if they are ingested or cause complications for hormone production.
Treatment and Recovery
If your animal comes into contact with any harmful pesticides you should bring them to the vet immediately. Treatment for animals depends on how they came into contact with the pesticides. If they came into contact with any part of the fur than removing the residue is important. If it was ingested in any way, you may have to induce vomiting or get prescription medication. If your animal is undergoing any respiratory complications, than they may have to undergo oxygen therapy. Recovery will depend on the amount ingested by the animal.
How to protect your animals from pesticides:
If you are using pesticides be sure to follow the instructions carefully. Make sure that animals are removed from the area before spraying or applying pesticides. Remember not to spray pesticides when it is windy because they can spread to unwanted areas. Biodegradable pesticides are also better for your yard, because there is not as much residue that is left over time.
Rats and mice in your home are a major health problem. Call (225) 414-2020 today for professional rodent control in the Baton Rouge area.
Rodent activity increases dramatically in the fall and winter since they have reduced food and heat sources. Additionally, stay-at-home orders and restaurant closures have rodents scrambling to find new places to eat. Your house has food, water, and heat, making it a nice place for your uninvited guest. As the temperature drops, be on the lookout for signs of rodents.
How to tell if you have mice or rats in your house?
#1 - Everybody poops
Mice and rats leave a lot of droppings wherever they spend time. Look for them near food packages, in drawers, under sinks, and along any runs where the rodent may walk to get between their water and food sources.
#2 - Lots of bite marks
Mice and rats chew on everything. Look for bite marks on food and on the walls and cupboards of your home. Little marks for mice. Big marks for rats.
#3 - It stinks
Rodents give off a stale smell. If you have a pet cat or dog that takes a sudden interest in a spot in your home they never cared about before, its worth searching for rodents. Pets can smell things you can't, so they will start behaving strangely first. If you can smell it, the problem may be a full rodent infestation.
#4 - Noises and scratches
You can hear scratching, gnawing, squeaking, and chirping. Rodents move around and make a lot of small noises. If you hear new noises in your walls or attic, alert your pest control professionals to handle the rodent problem
#5 - You see their nest
If you see a nest in your home made of shredded paper, plants, and other things, you're staring at a rodent nest. The only more obvious sign is if you outright see one scurry in front of you.
How to control biting gnats
These are the steps you should take to reduce biting gnats around your home:
Spring is nature's alarm clock for insects. As the days start warming up, the bugs being coming out. Most of the insects that show up this time of year don't really bother anyone. We will be covering a few here that do.
Everyone's least favorite pest. These little buzzers are the deadliest human hunters on the planet. Contrary to popular belief, mosquitoes' primary source of food comes from plants. The females only start hunting for blood when they reproduce. The blood they take from you or other roaming creatures allows them to reproduce more rapidly. The extra mosquitoes in turn hunt you down when reproducing and make even more mosquitoes. There's a pattern here.
To reduce this mosquito population boom, do the following for mosquito control:
Ants start appearing more often this time of year. They are looking for food and your house has plenty. A good pest control company can inspect your home for better ways to reduce ant problems. Sanitation is the key to keeping these bugs out of your home.
Wolf spiders are often confused with brown recluses. This is because they are also brown and a spider. Unlike brown recluses, wolf spiders are not a cause for alarm. Wolf spiders usually live in solitude. They do not spin webs. They keep their children on their back until they go out on their own. A huge plus to wolf spiders is they keep other insect populations in check. If you have a lot of wolf spiders, it could mean there is an underlying insect problem waiting to be discovered. Treating their food source is the best way to get wolf spiders an eviction notice.
I really enjoy researching and writing about pests. The more we know about bugs, the easier it becomes to control them.